Jumat, 09 Januari 2009

gegege no kitaro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
GeGeGe no Kitaro

Kitaro and his yōkai friends.
ゲゲゲの鬼太郎
(GeGeGe no Kitarō)
Genre Comedy, Supernatural, Horror
Manga
Author Shigeru Mizuki
Publisher Flag of Japan Kodansha
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Weekly Shōnen Magazine
Original run 19591969
Volumes 9
TV anime
Director Isao Takahata
Studio Toei Animation
Network Fuji Television
Original run January 3, 1968March 30, 1969
Episodes 65
TV anime
Director Isao Takahata
Studio Toei Animation
Network Fuji Television
Original run October 7, 1971September 28, 1972
Episodes 45
TV anime
Director Osamu Kasai
Hiroki Shibata
Studio Toei Animation
Network Fuji Television
Original run October 12, 1985March 21, 1988
Episodes 115
TV anime
Director Daisuke Nishio
Studio Toei Animation
Network Flag of Japan Fuji Television
Flag of the Philippines Animax
Original run January 7, 1996March 29, 1998
Episodes 114
TV anime
Director Yukio Kawazu
Studio Flag of Japan Toei Animation
Licensor Flag of Japan BEAM\Happinet
Network Flag of Japan Fuji Television
Original run April 2007 – ongoing
TV anime: Hakaba Kitaro
Director Kimitoshi Chioki
Studio Toei Animation
Network Fuji Television (Noitamina)
Original run January 10, 2008March 20, 2008
Episodes 11
Game
Platform PlayStation
Released Flag of Japan 2003
Live action film
Director Katsuhide Motoki
Producer Chihiro Kameyama
Writer Katsuhide Motoki
Daisuke Habara
Composer Yūta Nakano
TUCKER
Studio Shochiku
Released Flag of Japan April 28, 2007
Runtime 103 minutes
Live action film: GeGeGe no Kitaro 2: 1,000 Year Old Cursed Song
Director Katsuhide Motoki
Writer Mitsuhiko Sawamura
Studio Shochiku
Released Flag of Japan July 12, 2008
Anime and Manga Portal

GeGeGe no Kitaro (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 GeGeGe no Kitarō?) is a manga series created in 1959 by manga artist Shigeru Mizuki. It is best known for its popularization of the folklore creatures known as yōkai, a class of spirit-monster to which all of the main characters belong. It has been adapted for the screen several times, as anime, live-action, and video games.

The actual title of the original manga is Hakaba Kitarō (墓場鬼太郎?), literally meaning "Graveyard Kitaro". "Ge Ge Ge..." only applies to the anime. However, the manga was later republished under the anime title. In January, 2008, the original manga was finally adapted into an anime, running in Fuji TV's Noitamina slot.

Contents


Characters

Kitaro (鬼太郎 Kitarō?)
Kitaro is a yōkai boy born in a cemetery, and aside from his mostly-decayed father, the last living member of the Ghost Tribe (幽霊族 yūrei zoku?). He is missing his left eye, but his hair usually covers the empty socket. He fights for peace between humans and yōkai, which generally involves protecting the former from the wiles of the latter. When questioned in the 2007 movie, Kitaro responds that he is three hundred and fifty years old.
Kitaro has an assortment of strange weapons at his disposal, including:
  • remote-controlled geta sandals
  • a detachable hand, also remote-controlled
  • a magic chanchanko vest which can protect its wearer from danger; it occasionally seems to act of its own accord, wrapping around enemies or aiding friends, even when Kitaro is not available to command it
  • spiny hairs which can be shot like arrows
  • another hair which can serve as an antenna for detecting spirit activity
  • a magical ocarina (usually used for calling Ittan Momen), which contains a baton, a whip and occasionally music which has the power to damage certain ghosts.
  • the power of electrocution, usually employed when an enemy has pinned or restrained him and he can no longer kick or use other weapons
Medama-oyaji (目玉のおやじ, or 目玉親父? Lit. "Eyeball Father")
Medama-oyaji is Kitaro's father. Once a fully-formed adult ghost, he perished of a disease, only to be reborn out of his decayed body as an anthropomorphic version of his own eyeball. He looks small and fragile, but has a strong spirit and a great love for his son. He is also extremely knowledgeable about ghosts and monsters. He enjoys staying clean, and is often seen bathing in a small bowl. He has a great love for sake.

In the 2002 Kodansha International Bilingual Comics edition, he is referred to as Daddy Eyeball.

Nezumi Otoko (ねずみ男? "Rat Man")
Nezumi Otoko is a rodent-like yōkai-human halfbreed. He has been alive for three hundred years, and in that time has almost never taken a bath, rendering him filthy, foul-smelling, and covered in welts and sores. While he is usually Kitaro's friend, Nezumi Otoko will waste no time cooking up vile schemes or betraying his companions if he thinks there's money to be had or a powerful enemy to side with. He claims to be a college graduate of the University of the Bizarre (怪奇大学 Kaiki Daigaku?).

In the 2002 Kodansha International Bilingual Comics edition, he is referred to as Ratman.

Neko Musume (猫娘 or ねこ娘? "Cat Girl")
A normally-quiet yōkai girl, who transforms into a frightening cat monster with fangs and feline eyes when she is angry or hungry for fish. Predictably, she does not get along well with Nezumi Otoko. She seems to harbor a slight crush on Kitaro, who sees her only as a friend. She bears some resemblance to the bakeneko of Japanese folklore.

In the 2002 Kodansha International Bilingual Comics edition, she is referred to as Catchick.

Sunakake Babaa (砂かけ婆? "Sand-throwing hag")
Sunakake Babaa is an old yōkai woman who carries sand which she throws into the eyes of enemies to blind them. She serves as an advisor to Kitaro and his companions, and manages a yōkai apartment building. The original sunakake-baba is an invisible sand-throwing spirit from the folklore of Nara Prefecture.

In the 2002 Kodansha International Bilingual Comics edition, she is referred to as The Sand Witch.

Konaki Jijii (子泣き爺? "Child-crying Old Man")
Konaki Jijii is a comic, absent-minded old yōkai man who attacks enemies by clinging to them and turning himself to stone, increasing his weight immensely and pinning them down. He and Sunakake Babaa often work as a team. The original konaki jijii is a ghost which is said to appear in the woods of Tokushima Prefecture in the form of a crying infant. When it is picked up by some hapless traveller, it increases its weight until it crushes him.

In the 2002 Kodansha International Bilingual Comics edition, he is referred to as Old Man Crybaby.

Ittan Momen (一反木綿? "Roll of Cotton")
Ittan Momen is a flying yōkai resembling a strip of white cloth. Kitaro and friends often ride on him when traveling. The original ittan-momen is a spirit from Kagoshima Prefecture myth which wraps itself around the faces of humans in an attempt to smother them.

In the 2002 Kodansha International Bilingual Comics edition, he is referred to as Rollo Cloth.

Nurikabe (ぬりかべ? "Plastered Wall")
Nurikabe is a large, sleepy-eyed wall-shaped yōkai, who uses his massive size to protect Kitaro and his friends. The original Nurikabe is a spirit which blocks the passage of people walking at night.

In the 2002 Kodansha International Bilingual Comics edition, he is referred to as Wally Wall.

Media

Manga

The original manga version of GeGeGe-no-Kitaro appeared on Shōnen Magazine 1966-1970. The series continued on Shōnen Sunday, Shōnen Action, Shukan Jitsuwa and many other magazines.

In 2002 GeGeGe-no-Kitaro was translated by Ralph F. McCarthy and compiled by Natsuhiko Kyogoku for Kodansha Bilingual Comics. [1]

TV series

Gegege no Kitaro was broadcast on Fuji Television in five different iterations:

  1. 1968-1969
  2. 1971-1972
  3. 1985-1988
  4. 1996-1998
  5. 2007-????

All of the above were animated by Toei Animation.

Music

The opening theme to all five series is "Gegege no Kitaro". It has been sung by Kazuo Kumakura (1st, 2nd), Ikuzo Yoshi (3rd), Yūkadan (4th), Shigeru Izumiya and The 50 Kaitenz (ザ50回転ズ)(5th).

In January 2008, an all new anime (also produced by Toei) premiered on Fuji TV during the late night hours in the noitaminA block. This anime uses the original manga title (Hakaba Kitaro), and unlike the usual anime versions, it is closer to the original manga and is not part of the existing remake canon. It also features a completely different opening ("Mononoke Dance" by Denki Groove) and ending theme song ("Snow Tears" by Shoko Nakagawa). Toei's website for the series can be found here. [1]

Movies

  • July 21, 1968: Gegege no Kitarō (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎?) (Retelling of Anime 1, Episodes 5~6)
  • July 12, 1980: Gegege no Kitarō: The All Seeing Eye (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 地相眼, Gegege no Kitarō Chisōme?) (Retelling of Anime 2, Episode 37)

Based on the 3rd Anime, the following have original plots:

  • December 21, 1985: Gegege no Kitarō
  • March 15, 1986: Gegege no Kitarō: The Great Yōkai War (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 妖怪大戦争, Gegege no Kitarō Yōkai Dai Sensō?)
  • July 12, 1986: Gegege no Kitarō: Strongest Yōkai Corps!Dismebark to Japan!! (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 最強妖怪軍団! 日本上陸!!, Gegege no Kitarō Saikyō Yōkai Gundan! Nihon Jōriku!!?)
  • December 20, 1986: Gegege no Kitarō: Crash!! The Great Rebellion of the Multi-Dimensional Yōkai (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 激突!! 異次元妖怪の大反乱, Gegege no Kitarō Gekitotsu!! Ijigen Yōkai no Dai Hanran?)

Based on the 4th Anime, the following have original plots:

  • July 6, 1996: Gegege no Kitarō: The Great Sea Beast (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 大海獣, Gegege no Kitarō Dai Kaijū?)
  • March 8, 1997: Gegege no Kitarō: The Obake Nighter (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 お化けナイター?)
  • July 12, 1997: Gegege no Kitarō: Yōkai Express! The Phantom Train (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 妖怪特急! まぼろしの汽車, Gegege no Kitarō Yōkai Tokkyū! Maboroshi no Kisha?)

Video Games

Cast


] Regular, Semi-Regular

Guests


Regular, Semi-Regular

Guest

1985~1988

Regular, Semi-Regular

[edit] Guest

1996~1998

Regular, Semi-Regular

Guest

2007

Regular

Guest

2003 PlayStation Game

2007 Movie (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎)

CG Character Voices

2008 Anime (Hakaba Kitaro)

Airing in Fuji TV's Noitamina slot, Hakaba Kitaro shares an art director and animation techniques with Mononoke, and adapts the original manga version.[2] This series also marks the return of Masako Nozawa and Chikao Ōtsuka to the roles of Kitaro and Nezumi-Otoko respectively for the first time since the 2nd "GeGeGe..." series.

2008 Movie (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 2)

Cultural impact

  • Gegege no Kitaro is the mascot for the Gainare Tottori soccer club. Additionally, J.League Division 1 team F.C. Tokyo also holds "Gegege no Kitaro Day" every season.
  • In Episode 6 of the Japanese drama Hana-Kimi, the protagonist Ashiya Mizuki (Horikita Maki) is quoted as saying that Izumi Sano (Oguri Shun) looks like "Kitaro", due to the way Sano's hair is styled. Sano then said that Mizuki must be "Medama Oyaji", since Mizuki always has 'his' eye on Sano.
  • In the last chapter of the manga, Ikujinashi Shiawase (Happiness of a Cowardly Boy) by Naono Bohra, character Kawada is embarrassed to look at the face of his lover, Mori, after Mori gets a haircut. Kawada complains that with his new haircut, Mori's handsome face is "too exposed" and attracts too much attention from other people. He states that Kawada used to have hair like "GeGeGe Kitaro", and he preferred it that way since his face was half-hidden most of the time.
  • Japanese musician Miyavi has also described his hair to be a Kitarou-cut many times (ie: official profile, diary, etc...).[4][5][6]
  • Shigeru Mizuki has issued a series of limited-edition woodblock prints entitled "Fifty-Three Stations of the Yokaido Road", re-interpreting the famous Hiroshige series "Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido Road" as "a haunted journey". Printed from Mizuki's original paintings, the "Yokaido Road" prints star Kitaro and his troupe, as well as many other yokai and weird creatures of folklore. Produced through the Japanese publisher Yanoman Corporation, in March 2008 the series went on display in the Information and Culture Center of the Japanese Embassy in Washington DC.
  • In the Kamen Rider Den-O OVA spin off, Imagin Anime, Ryutaros refers to the show. When the other Tarōs attempt to sing the first part of the series' main theme, Deneb stopped them from getting sued from the mere mention of it by name.
  • In The Great Yokai War, after Tadashi first realizes what the sunekosuri is and goes out look at the yokai models, a statue of Kitaro is shown. Later, after Tadashi's first encounter with Agi, the Kappa ties the Ittan-momen (flying cotton) to a pillar as he yells "You're always real brave with Kitaro in those comics!" Kitaro's creator Shigeru Mizuki also appears in a cameo role in the film.

Tidak ada komentar:

Poskan Komentar